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Aktuelle Themen im logikbasierten Software Engineering

Veranstalter: Dr. Lukasz Czajka
Typ: Vertiefungsmodul Master
Modulnummer: INF-MSc-327
SWS: 2 SWS Vorlesung
2 SWS Übung
Ort: Online
Zeit: Mo 10-12, Mi 12-14
Beginn: 12.04.2021
Anmeldung: auf Moodle
Studienleistung: Präsentation von einem kleinen Coq Projekt in der Mitte des Semesters.
Klausur: Mündliche Prüfung - Präsentation von einem selbstgemachten Formalisierungsprojekt in Coq.


Wegen der Coronakrise wird die Veranstaltung voraussichtlich virtuell stattfinden, d.h. über Videokonferenz. Deshalb ist es wichtig, dass ich vorher die Kontaktdaten der Teilnehmer habe. Wenn Sie an dieser Veranstaltung teilnehmen möchten, bitte melden Sie sich  auf Moodle an. Wenn Sie noch nicht sicher sind, aber zumindest die erste Vorlesung hören möchten, melden Sie sich auch an.

Weitere Informationen und Neuigkeiten werden auf Moodle und per Email angekündigt.


In the absence of strong opposition from the students, the lecture will be held in English. It is possible to talk with the lecturer in German if there is such a need, but most materials are in English anyway.


Since about the beginning of the 21st century, formal proof has become one of the standard methods in industrial hardware verification, particularly in CPU verification (Intel, AMD). During the past decade, the proof assistant technology has matured enough to also enable formal certification of substantial software systems. Two major success stories are the seL4 operating system microkernel and the CompCert optimising Clight compiler. Recently, deductive program verification has begun to attract increasing attention in the software industry (Microsoft, Amazon, Facebook, Galois). To quote Nikhil Swamy from Microsoft Research:

,,Today, what seemed impossible just a few years ago is becoming a reality. We can, in certain domains, produce fully verified software at a nontrivial scale and with runtime performance that meets or exceeds the best unverified software."

This lecture is about writing functional programs in Coq and proving them correct.

Coq - the 2013 ACM Software System Award winner - is an interactive proof assistant for the development of mathematical theories and formally certified software. Its underlying theory is the Calculus of Inductive Constructions - a variant of dependent type theory with inductive types. The lecture covers programming and proving in Coq, dependent type theory, and applications to program verification. The overlap with LMSE 1 & 2 is minimal and no familiarity with type theory is necessary. In LMSE the emphasis is on "simpler" type theories, and only the basics of Coq and dependent type theory are treated there. ATLSE focuses on dependently typed functional programming, verification of functional programs, proof automation, theoretical foundations of inductive and dependent types.

Plan of the lecture

  1. Functional programming in Coq. Polymorphism and higher-order functions. Dependently typed functions.
  2. Review of formal logic. Classical vs intuitionistic logic. Curry-Howard isomorphism.
  3. The tactic language. Basic proofs by induction.
  4. Higher-order logic. Choice and extensionality axioms. Diaconescu's theorem.
  5. Dependent types. Calculus of Constructions. Universes. Predicativity vs impredicativity. Proof irrelevance. Axioms and computation.
  6. Inductive predicates. Inductive specifications.
  7. Automation. Programming in Ltac. CoqHammer, Tactician and SMTCoq. 
  8. Termination proofs and the "Function" command.
  9. Dependent inductive types. Foundations of inductive types.
  10. Subset types and the "Program" command. Coinductive types.
  11. Definitional vs propositional equality. Streicher's axiom K and Uniqueness of Identity Proofs. John Major equality.
  12. Executable specifications. Proof by reflection.
  13. Certified functional programming. Program extraction.


Some experience with functional programming and formal logic. You should understand mathematical induction. If you liked the logic and/or the functional programming bachelor courses then this lecture is for you. If you're interested in formal methods and security then this may also be for you. The lecture is self-contained - knowledge of type theory or previous participation in LMSE are not necessary.

Klausur und Studienleistung

In der Mitte des Semesters wird eine kleine Formalisierungsaufgabe herausgegeben mit Bearbeitungszeit ca. 2-3 Wochen. Um die Studienleistung zu bekommen, muss diese kleine Aufgabe gelöst und präsentiert werden.

Am 01. Juli wird eine größere Formalisierungsaufgabe herausgegeben. Die Aufgabe soll bis 10. August abgegeben werden. Das Projekt muss dann bis 30. September auf einer mündlichen Prüfung präsentiert werden. Die Note basiert auf der Qualität der Präsentation und der präsentierten Lösung.